疼痛:一种我们必须全力应对的无声流行病¹

理解疼痛

肌肉骨骼疼痛

背痛和颈痛

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大多数人都会在生命的某个阶段出现背痛和颈痛问题。¹,² 潜在的原因可能很难发现,但可以采用有效的补救措施。³⁻⁵ 了解结合理疗和药物治疗来治疗背痛的方法。⁶,

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扭伤和拉伤

肌肉骨骼疼痛非常普遍并可致残,它可能源于多种病症。¹,,⁹ 了解如何通过物理疗法、非处方镇痛药和热疗来减轻肌肉骨骼疼痛。¹⁰,¹¹

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关节和骨关节炎疼痛

骨关节炎疼痛

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骨关节炎引起的关节痛很常见,可能会严重致残。² 探索如何使用早期定制多模式疗法来改善患者结果。¹²⁻¹⁴

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了解详细信息

双氯芬酸

一种有效的非甾体抗炎药,有口服和外用等多种剂型,临床证明可缓解多种类型的疼痛。¹⁵ 了解双氯芬酸的更多好处。

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背痛和颈痛

大多数人都会在生命的某个阶段出现背痛和颈痛问题。¹⁷ 潜在的原因可能 很难发现,但可以采用有效的补救措施。¹⁸,¹⁹ 了解结合理疗和药物治疗来 治疗背痛和颈痛的方法。²⁰,²¹

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1%扶他林乳胶剂:适用于扭伤和拉伤引起的疼痛

非处方镇痛药, 除了口服之外,还可以选择扶他林乳胶剂。²²⁻²⁴ 参见1%扶他林乳胶剂的疗效证据。

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参考文献

¹ GSK data on file. The Global Pain Index – summary report, 2017
² World Health Organization. Priority diseases and reasons for inclusion 2013. 来源网站: https://www.who.int/medicines/areas/priority_medicines/MasterDocJune28_FINAL_Web.pdf?ua=1
³ Maher C, et al. Lancet 2017;389:736–47.
⁴ Mayo Clinic. Back pain. 来源网站: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/back-pain/basics/causes/con-20020797
⁵ National Health Service. Overview: Back pain. 来源网站: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/.
⁶ National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Guideline 59: low back pain and sciatica in over 16s – assessment and management, 2016. 来源网站: www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng59.
⁷ Qaseem A, et al. Ann Intern Med 2017;166:514–30.
⁸ GSK data on file. The Global Pain Index – summary report, 2018
⁹ Arthritis Research UK. Osteoarthritis in general practice: data and perspectives (2013a). 来源网站: https://www.arthritisresearchuk.org/~/media/Files/Policy%20files/Policy%20pages%20files/Osteoarthritis%20in%20general%20practice%20%20July%202013%20%20Arthritis%20Research%20UK%20PDF%20421%20MB.ashx
¹⁰ NICE clinical knowledge summary. Sprains and strains. 来源网站: https://cks.nice.org.uk/sprains-and-strains#!topicsummary
¹¹ International Association for the Study of Pain. Injuries and pain in sports and exercise. 来源网站: https://s3.amazonaws.com/rdcms-iasp/files/production/public/Content/ContentFolders/GlobalYearAgainstPain2/MusculoskeletalPainFactSheets/Sports_Final.pdf
¹² Favero M, et al.RMD Open 2015;1:e000062.
¹³ Felson DT, Hodgson R. Rheum Dis Clin NorthAm 2014;40:699–710.
¹⁴ MacDonald KV, et al.Health Rep 2014;25:10–7.
¹⁵ GSK data on file.Voltaren topical gels.Globaldata sheet, 2017.
¹⁶ Predel HG, et al.Med Sci Spors Exerc2012;44:1629–36.
¹⁷ Hoy D, et al.Arthrit Rheum 2012;64:2028–37.
¹⁸ Chou R, et al.Ann Intern Med 2007;147:478–91.
¹⁹ Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College ofPhysicians.Ann Intern Med 2017;166:514–30.
²⁰ World Health Organization.Priority diseases and reasonsfor inclusion 2013.来源网站:http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/priority_medicines/Ch6_12Osteo.pdf.
²¹ GSK data on file.Diclofenac studies literature review, 2018.
²² Zacher J, et al.Postgrad Med 2011;123:1–7.
²³ Derry S, et al.Cochrane Database Sys Rev2015;6:CD007402.
²⁴ US Department of Health and HumanServices.Comparative Effectiveness Review,2011.来源网站:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK65646/pdf/Bookshelf_NKB65646.pdf.